buttermilk biscuits

Buttermilk Biscuits
Ingredients
  1. 2 and 1/2 cups (312g) all-purpose flour (spoon & leveled)*
  2. 2 Tablespoons baking powder (yes, Tablespoons!)
  3. 1 teaspoon salt
  4. very cold: 1/2 cup unsalted butter OR 6 Tbs lard
  5. 1 cup + 2 Tablespoons (270ml) cold buttermilk, divided
  6. 2 teaspoons honey
  7. optional for spreading: 2 Tablespoons melted butter + 1 Tablespoon honey
Instructions
  1. Preheat oven to 425°F
  2. Place the flour, baking powder, and salt together in a large bowl. Stir combined.
  3. Add the cubed butter or lard and cut into the dry ingredients with a pastry cutter.
  4. Make a well in the center of the mixture. Pour 1 cup of buttermilk on top, then the honey. Stir everything together until just about combined– do not overwork the dough. The dough will look like shreds and be very crumbly.
  5. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured work surface and gently mold it into a rough looking rectangle using your hands. Fold 4 times.
  6. Press until it’s about 3/4 inch thick and looks like you can make 8 three inch biscuits. Cut into 3-inch circles. Re-roll any scraps until you get those 8 biscuits. Arrange in a 10-inch cast iron skillet. Make sure they’re touching.
  7. Brush the tops with remaining buttermilk.
  8. Bake for 20-25 minutes or until biscuits are golden brown on top.
  9. Remove from the oven and, if desired, brush with melted butter and honey mixture. Enjoy warm.
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Aunt Hazel’s Hearth Bread

Aunt Hazel's Hearth Bread
Ingredients
  1. 4 cups flour
  2. 1 1/2 cups water
  3. 3/4 stick margerine
  4. 2 Tbs sugar
  5. 1 tsp salt
  6. 1 Tbs yeast
Instructions
  1. Mix together until stiff, light, and fluffy. Use a spoon to start then by hand.
  2. Fold every 10 minutes for 4 times or 40 minutes.
  3. After last fold put in bread pan and rise 1 hour.
  4. Bake 375F for 45 minutes until golden brown.
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Cornbread

Cornbread
Ingredients
  1. 1 3/4 cups King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
  2. 1 cup cornmeal
  3. 1/4 cup sugar
  4. 2 teaspoons baking powder
  5. 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
  6. 1/2 to 3/4 teaspoon salt, to taste
  7. 1 1/4 cups lukewarm milk
  8. 4 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted and cooled
  9. 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  10. 1 large egg
Instructions
  1. Preheat the oven to 375°F. Lightly grease a 9" square or round pan (a cast-iron skillet will work fine, too), shallow 1 1/2 quart casserole dish, or 12 muffin cups.
  2. Add flour, cornmeal, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, and salt. Mix.
  3. In a large measuring cup, whisk together the milk, melted butter, vegetable oil, and egg.
  4. Pour the liquid all at once into the flour mixture, stirring quickly and gently until just combined. Don't over mix: stir the batter just enough to bring it together and evenly moisten the ingredients.
  5. Spread the batter into the prepared pan, or scoop into the muffin tin.
  6. Bake the bread for 18 to 25 minutes, until the edges just begin to pull away from the pan and a cake tester or paring knife inserted in the center comes out clean.
  7. Remove the bread from the oven and cool it on a rack for 5 minutes before cutting; serve warm.
Notes
  1. Store any leftovers, well wrapped, at cool room temperature for a few days; freeze for longer storage.
  2. If you like a crispier crust on your cornbread, grease a cast-iron pan and place it in the oven for 10 minutes to heat. Scoop the batter into the hot pan and return it to the oven to bake as directed. Check on the cornbread after 15 minutes.
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Biscuits

Biscuits
Ingredients
  1. 3 cups Flour
  2. 1 teaspoon salt
  3. 1 tablespoon baking powder
  4. 1 tablespoon sugar
  5. 6 tablespoons butter, at room temperature
  6. 1 to 1 1/8 cups cold milk (use whole milk for the most tender biscuits)
  7. Substitute buttermilk, light cream, or heavy cream for the whole milk, if you prefer
Instructions
  1. Preheat your oven to 425°F with a rack in the upper portion. Get out a baking sheet; there's no need to grease it. Line it with parchment if you like, for easiest cleanup.
  2. Weigh your flour; you'll find its weight by toggling to ounces or grams at the top of the ingredient section above. Or measure it by gently spooning it into a cup, then sweeping off any excess.
  3. Mix together the flour, salt, baking powder, and sugar.
  4. Work the butter into the flour mixture using your fingers, a fork or pastry blender, a stand mixer, or a food processor; your goal is an evenly crumbly mixture (think breadcrumbs).
  5. Drizzle the smaller amount of milk evenly over the flour mixture. Mix quickly and gently for about 15 seconds, until you've made a cohesive dough. If the mixture seems dry and won't come together, don't keep working it; drizzle in enough milk — up to an additional 2 tablespoons (1 ounce) to make it cohesive.
  6. Place the dough on a lightly floured work surface. Pat it into a rough rectangle about 3/4" thick. Fold it into thirds like a letter and roll gently with a floured rolling pin until the dough is 3/4" thick again.
  7. Cut the dough into circles with a biscuit cutter for traditional round biscuits; a 2 3/8" cutter makes nice-sized biscuits. Or to avoid leftover dough scraps, cut the dough into squares or diamonds with a bench knife or sharp knife.
  8. Place the biscuits bottom side up on your prepared baking sheet; turning them over like this yields biscuits with nice, smooth tops. Brush the biscuits with milk, to enhance browning.
  9. Bake the biscuits for 15 to 20 minutes, until they're lightly browned. Remove them from the oven, and serve warm.
  10. Store any leftover biscuits, well wrapped, at room temperature for several days. Freeze for longer storage. Biscuits are always best when they're rewarmed before serving.
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Aunt Hazel’s Sticky Buns

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Aunt Hazel's Sticky Buns
Ingredients
  1. 1/3 dough from Aunt Hazel's Rolls recipe
  2. 1 cup brown sugar
  3. 1 cup raisins
  4. 1 cup black walnut pieces
  5. 2, 3 or 4 sticks of better (depends on the condition of your heart, more is better)
Instructions
  1. roll out the dough on a lightly dusted with flour surface into a rectangle
  2. spread as much butter onto the dough as your heart will allow
  3. sprinkle the raisins and walnuts
  4. roll the dough into a log along the long edge (so it is a long log, not short)
  5. cut into 1 or 1 1/2 inch rounds
  6. place in a deep bottom cast iron frying pan
  7. bake 25-28 minutes until golden brown
  8. cool 3 minutes and then invert onto a plate.
Notes
  1. the gooeyness seeps back into the rolls making a moist chewy roll of deliciousness.
  2. eat as soon as they won't buun your mouth
  3. will save on the counter for a couple of days. refrigerate if you need to save them longer.
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Aunt Hazel’s recipe but taught to me by Grandma Edith

Aunt Hazel’s Rolls

8-2

Aunt Hazel's Rolls
Ingredients
  1. 5 lbs flour
  2. handful salt
  3. 2 pkg (or 4 1/2 tsp) yeast
  4. 1/2 cup sugar
  5. 1/2 cup oil
  6. 3 cups water (do not use city water)
  7. 1 cup lukewarm milk
  8. 3 eggs
Instructions
  1. mix 1 cup lukewarm water, yeast, salt and sugar in a bowl, set aside for 5 minutes while the yeast starts activating.
  2. scald milk
  3. lightly beat eggs in a bowl, set aside
  4. mix scalded milk and 2 cups water. Add and mix 1/2 cup oil, yeast mixture and beaten eggs.
  5. add to flour (minus 2 cups)
  6. kneed for at least 12 minutes (or longer if you have the strength to do it, ask friends to help). Try to add the reserved 2 cups of flour while you kneed if possible.
  7. place in large greased bowl, turn once to coat, cover with plastic wrap, let rise to double (60 to 120 minutes)
  8. punch dough down, let rest 20 minutes
  9. shape rolls and place on a greased air bake pan
  10. *see Aunt Hazel's sticky bun recipe for a fun idea
  11. let rise about double (60 to 120 minutes)
  12. bake 375 degrees F for 12 to 15 minutes, until golden brown
  13. remove from oven
  14. using a paper towel spread butter on the tops.
  15. loosen rolls from pan with a spatula/flipper.
Notes
  1. 20 minutes prep time (kneed, kneed, kneed)
  2. 3 hours 20 minutes to 4 hours rise time
  3. 12 to 15 minutes cook time per batch
  4. never cut with a knife or they'll cry. Rip them open with your fingers.
  5. eat right away with gobs of butter.
  6. make turkey or ham sandwiches.
  7. spread with apple butter.
  8. That's how Hazel did it.
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8-1

The rolls can be taken out of the oven a tad early while they are still just lightly brown. To reheat wrap each in tin foil and bake in the toaster oven at 3:50 for 15 minutes.

Back: Carol & Bill Swink and Paul Homlish Jr. & III
Front: Hazel DeVinney & Edith Longnecker

Hard Rolls

6-3

Hard Rolls
DOUGH
  1. 2 1/4 cups King Arthur Unbleached Bread Flour
  2. 1/3 cup Hi-maize Fiber
  3. 1 1/2 teaspoons instant yeast
  4. 1 tablespoon non-diastatic malt powder or sugar
  5. 1 teaspoon salt
  6. 1 large egg white
  7. 2 tablespoons unsalted butter or vegetable oil
  8. 3/4 cup lukewarm water
TOPPING
  1. 2 to 3 tablespoons sesame seeds or poppy seeds
Instructions
  1. To make the dough: Mix and knead the dough ingredients u2014 by hand, mixer, or bread machine set on the dough cycle u2014 to make a smooth dough.
  2. Cover the dough and let it rise until it's noticeably puffy, about 1 hour.
  3. Transfer the dough to a lightly greased work surface, and divide it into 6 pieces (about 3 1/4 ounces each). Shape into balls.
  4. Dip the top half of each roll into water, then into the seeds.
  5. Place the rolls into the cups of a lightly greased hamburger roll pan, or onto a lightly greased or parchment-lined baking sheet. Press gently to flatten.
  6. Cover the rolls and let them rise until puffy, 30 to 40 minutes. Towards the end of the rising time, preheat the oven to 400u00b0F.
  7. Bake the rolls until they're a deep golden brown, 22 to 26 minutes. Remove them from the oven, and cool on a rack.
  8. If desired, just before serving, reheat the rolls in a 375u00b0F oven for 5 minutes or so, to crisp.
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Hearth Bread

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Hearth Bread
Ingredients
  1. 1 tablespoon (1 packet) active dry yeast
  2. 1 tablespoon sugar
  3. 1 tablespoon salt
  4. 2 cups warm water (not over 110°F)
  5. 5 1/2 to 6 cups King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
  6. cornmeal
  7. boiling water
To mix
  1. Mix together the first four ingredients. Let this stand until the yeast, sugar and salt are dissolved. Gradually add the flour to the liquid and mix thoroughly until the dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface to knead. (This may be a little messy, but don't give up!)
Knead It
  1. Fold the far edge of the dough back over on itself towards you. Press into the dough with the heels of your hands and push away. After each push, rotate the dough 90°. Repeat this process in a rhythmic, rocking motion for 5 minutes, sprinkling only enough flour on your kneading surface to prevent sticking. Let the dough rest while you scrape out and grease the mixing bowl. Knead the dough again for 2 to 3 minutes.
Let It Rise
  1. Return the dough to the bowl and turn it over once to grease the top. Cover with a damp towel and keep warm until the dough doubles in bulk, about 1 to 2 hours.
Shape it
  1. Punch down the dough with your fist and briefly knead out any air bubbles. Cut the dough in half and shape into two Italian- or French-style loaves. Place the loaves on a cookie sheet generously sprinkled with cornmeal. Let the loaves rest for 5 minutes.
Bake it
  1. Lightly slash the tops of the loaves 3 or more times diagonally and brush them with cold water. Place on rack in a cold oven with a roasting pan full of boiling water on the oven bottom. Bake at 400° for 35 to 45 minutes, until the crust is golden brown and sounds hollow to the touch.
  2. For a lighter, crustier bread, let your shaped loaves rise for 45 minutes. (DO NOT SLASH TOPS) Preheat the oven and roasting pan with water to 500°F for 15 minutes. Brush the loaves with cold water, place in the oven and bake for 10 minutes. Lower the temperature to 400°F and bake for 10 more minutes. Remove from the oven, let cool and devour!
Notes
  1. For a heartier, more nutritious bread, substitute 1 or 2 cups of King Arthur Traditional Whole Wheat Flour for 1 or 2 cups of King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour.
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Banana Muffins

Banana Muffins
Ingredients
  1. 2 1/4 cups Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
  2. 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
  3. 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
  4. 1/2 teaspoon salt
  5. 1/4 cup (4 tablespoons) unsalted butter, at room temperature
  6. 1/2 cup granulated sugar
  7. 2 large eggs
  8. 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  9. 1/2 cup sour cream or plain yogurt
  10. two very ripe bananas
  11. 1/2 cup white chocolate morsels
  12. coarse white sparkling sugar for garnish (optional)
Instructions
  1. preheat oven to 375F convection
  2. Smash the bananas.
  3. Mix it all up.
  4. Put in muffin pan.
  5. cook about 20 minutes until toothpick comes out clean.
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Amish Dinner Rolls

8-11 8-10

Amish Dinner Rolls
Ingredients
  1. 2 eggs
  2. 1/3 cup (2 1/2 ounces) sugar
  3. 1 1/2 teaspoons salt
  4. 6 tablespoons (3 ounces) butter
  5. 1 cup (7 1/4 ounces) unseasoned mashed potatoes, lightly packed*
  6. 2 1/2 teaspoons instant yeast
  7. 3/4 cup water (potato water, if possible)
  8. 4 1/4 cups (18 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
  9. *1 medium-to-large baking potato will yield 8 ounces of mashed potato.
Instructions
  1. Manual/Mixer Method: In a medium-sized mixing bowl, combine all of the ingredients, and mix until the dough starts to leave the sides of the bowl. Transfer the dough to a lightly greased or floured surface, and knead it for 6 to 8 minutes, or until it's smooth and shiny. Or knead it in a mixer, using the dough hook. Place the dough in a lightly greased bowl or rising bucket, turn to coat, cover the container with plastic wrap, and let the dough rise till it's doubled in bulk, about 90 minutes.
  2. *note The dough should not be overly goopy. The last time I made them they were too we. They still cooked fine but were heard to shape into rolls and spread out and ended up a bit flat. Perhaps try kneading in a bit more flour.
  3. Bread Machine Method: Place all the ingredients into the pan of your bread machine in the order recommended by the manufacturer (usually, liquids first, yeast last). Program the machine for dough or manual, and press Start. Check the dough about 10 minutes before the end of the final kneading cycle and adjust its consistency as necessary by adding additional water or flour to form a soft, smooth ball. Allow the machine to complete its cycle, then allow the dough to remain in the machine till it's doubled in bulk, perhaps an additional 30 minutes or so.
  4. Shaping: To make stand-alone rolls, divide the dough into 16 equal pieces. If you want to make soft-sided, pull-apart rolls, divide the dough into 15 pieces. This isn't as challenging as it sounds: first, divide the dough into three equal pieces (about 375g, 14 ounces, each). Pinch off one piece, about the size of a racquetball or handball (75g, 2 3/4 ounces), off each of the three pieces, setting the pinched-off pieces aside; then simply divide what's left of the three pieces into four pieces each. Presto! Fifteen balls of dough. Gently roll the dough balls under your cupped fingers till they're nice and round.
  5. Place the 16 dough balls onto a parchment-lined or lightly greased baking sheet or sheets, leaving about 2 inches between them. Or place the 15 dough balls into a lightly greased 9 x 13-inch pan, spacing them evenly in five rolls of three balls each. Cover the pan(s) with a proof cover or lightly greased plastic wrap, and allow the rolls to rise for about 2 hours, till they're quite puffy; the rolls in the 9 x 13-inch pan should be touching (or almost touching) one another.
  6. Baking: Bake the rolls in a preheated 350 F oven for 20 to 25 minutes, till they're golden brown. Remove them from the oven, carefully turn them out of the pan -- the pull-apart rolls will come out all in one piece -- and brush them with melted butter, if desired.
Notes
  1. Serve warm or at room temperature.
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